Obesity is a buildup of body fat. Obesity is measured by the height and weight of a child. A child is termed overweight if they have a BMI greater than 85th percentile and less than the 95th percentile of their weight. The treatment for obesity in a child involves a change in diet and exercise. The following are some of the factors that may contribute to overweight adolescents:

  • Easy availability of food, especially high-calorie snack food
  • Parents’ attitudes towards food
  • An increase in the eating of fast-foods
  • Using food as a reward or punishment to change behaviors
  • Lack of exercise
  • Television watching and snacking
  • Not knowing how to eat healthy
  • Heredity (parents and family members weight)