Obesity is a buildup of body fat. It is measured by the height and weight of a child. A child is considered overweight if they have a BMI greater than 85th percentile and less than the 95th percentile of their weight. The treatment for obesity in a child involves a change in diet and exercise.
The following are some of the factors that may contribute to overweight adolescents:
Easy availability of food, especially high-calorie snack food
Parents’ attitudes toward food
An increase in the eating of fast food
Using food as a reward or punishment to change behavior